“The toolset at our fingertips
provided by panOpticon to manage and compile the vast oeuvre of my mother, Mary Bauermeister,
is absolutely indispensable.

The detail of refinement is determined by the user
not the software.
That’s how it should be: digital tools driven by human workflow and not vice versa.”

Simon Stockhausen, Archivist – Atelier Bauermeister
Mary Bauermeister.org



Our system employs uniform data standards, it properly formats and styles wherever necessary, it uses controlled vocabularies whenever possible, it enables you to manage relationships, it contains an authoring environment and it can be used to publish. .

Notable Feature: Uniform Data Standards Our web-based system follows best practices as recommended by leading members of the Catalogue Raisonné Scholars Association. We use Categories for the Description of Works of Art as a standard for describing cultural objects and The Chicago Manual of Style as a style guide. We are also indebted to the resources of the Association of Art Editors (AAE) and The Art Institute of Chicago Guide to Museum Publications. And finally, we continue to work with professional catalogers to update and improve our software protocols. Uniform data standards not only promote the recording of information consistently, they are fundamental to retrieving it efficiently. Data standards also improve content management, eliminate redundancy, and make for meaningful information sharing.

Components There are different ways to enter the catalog, including indices of Works, Owners, Exhibitions, and Literature. The index pages display fifty records at a time, along with a number of methods to filter, sort, and navigate through selected data sets.

The Works Index is a display of all the works in the catalog with a thumbnail and link to each individual record. The list can be sorted by alternate catalog number, date(s), title, etc., or sorted by title, decade, medium, theme, or attribution. The input/edit screens for description, provenance, exhibition histories, and published references can be accessed from the Works Index.

The Owners Index is a full list of owners linked to their respective contact records. The list can be filtered by name, location, type, or present owners only. The list can also be sorted by name, or location. Sensitive information regarding owners and ownership is hidden from all but the administrator.

The Exhibitions Index displays all the exhibitions in the database. The list can be sorted alphabetically or chronologically. It can also be filtered by sponsor/venue, location, show type (i.e. solo, group), or by decade.

The Literature Index displays all the literature in the database. The list can be sorted alphabetically or chronologically. It can also be filtered by author, publication type (i.e. book, journal, newspaper, exhibition catalog), or by decade.

Editing and Managing Content The well-organized interface allows for ease of managing data. Prompts next to data entry fields give immediate assistance. A complete user manual is available online as well.

Notable Feature: Automatic Formatting and Styling Our interface prompts you to enter data properly just by the way it’s laid out. All data attached to a record are displayed on the left side of the screen. To the right is a preview of just the information meant to be published. As soon as you input and update a record, the result appears on your screen—correctly formatted and styled—exactly as it will look when it’s published.

Every catalog entry is divided into four sections, each with its own editing/input screen.

Description contains information about an object’s characteristics and attribution such as title, creation date(s), medium(s) & support, measurements, signature, inscriptions, marks & labels, condition, current location, and credit line.

Provenance traces the entire history of a work from the time it left the artist’s studio to the present day and displays it all chronologically.

Exhibition histories: Each work record is linked to every exhibition. [The visual display shows every work in an exhibition in the order it appeared on the checklist or catalog, along with its lender’s name if known. [add: solo, group, traveling.]

Published references Each work is connected to every text where it was ever referenced (including websites). The interface guides you through the process of entering a book as opposed to a journal, a newspaper as opposed to a chapter in a book or a catalog, etc.

Notable Feature: Controlled Vocabularies We keep free-text fields to a minimum, since a cataloger is often forced to cram too much or too diverse data into these. Instead, we use larger sets of controlled fields, each with their own separate vocabularies. Controlled vocabularies are groups of preferred words or phrases of delimited scope (linked to authority files) that are used to index and retrieve content efficiently. As a simple example, we have different fields for a newspaper date and a journal date. An added benefit is that each of these dates is differently styled by the tool.

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Relationships Related works are works in the catalog which have intrinsic relationships to each other. Some works are related because one appears on the back of the other (recto/verso). Some works are related because one may be a study, or a model, or sketch for the other. Some works are best understood in the context of a series. The catalog links related works together.

Notable Feature: Manage Relationships Yourself All relationships are managed by the catalog including the cross-linking of images, supplementals (maps, diagrams, photos, videos, sound files), condition & examination reports, stockbooks & archives, editions, versions, series & sets, studies, macquettes, keywords and commentaries.

Some catalogs don’t include a place for extrinsic relationships, since some institutions find it unnecessary to identify them. We have accommodated these types of works and given over to the cataloger the ability to define as many tables for the gathering of this kind of documentation. They include letters, news clippings, posters, manifests, photographs (old and new) of motifs and subjects, conservation reports, x-ray and infrared images, site maps, and graphics specially created for purposes of comparison and interpretation. Everything stored in these tables can be put to use by cross-linking them to works in the catalog. Catalogers also need to incorporate documentation and research, and prepare them for publication. You can compose texts directly in our tool.

Notable Feature: Authoring Environment One advantage to having an authoring environment is being able to format and style texts in your tool and keep them with your content. Another is to be able to mutually link texts to works and other documents in your catalog.

Searching / Reporting / Exporting There are a significant number ways to filter, sort, and search the catalog data. There are also a variety of ways to collect, print, flag data, save lists and data sets, create reports, and export data as excel spreadsheets or as word documents.

Notable Feature: You Publish Whenever You Wish Your back-end is joined to your site, so you publish online right from your tool. You can update your publication yourself whenever you’re ready, so it remains timely.

With all the software’s extras you can create enriched website add-ons (animated or interactive elements) that draw from deeper levels of your database content.


  Starting a project? Already have data and wondering what to do next? Simply have a question? Contact us. The best way to fully grasp what our product can do is to see it in action. Fill out a form to request a demonstration. We can come to you if you are in New York City. If not, we can demonstrate our software online. We’ll show it to you wherever you are. In any case, let us know if you want to be on our mailing list. We won’t share your email address. Please note: we are unable to quote prices until we’ve conferred with you about your particular needs.



Top of page:
Mary Bauermeister (b.1934)
Brian O’Doherty Commentary Box, 2017
Ink, stone, offset print, glass, glass lens, paint brush, metal and wood tools and painted wood construction
17″ x 24 3/4″ x 4 1/8″ signed

photo © Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York.