catalogues raisonnés

Arshile Gorky CR launched

Eastman Johnson


The Arshile Gorky Foundation initiated a comprehensive catalogue raisonné of Gorky’s paintings, drawings, prints, sculpture, and textiles in December 2006, based on Robert Goldwater’s and Jim M. Jordan’s The Paintings of Arshile Gorky: A Critical Catalogue (1982), and Melvin P. Lader’s research for a catalogue raisonné of the artist’s drawings, begun in the early 1990s, yet left incomplete with his untimely death in 2005.

In 2019, under the direction of Eileen Costello, a newly formed project team set out to update, advance, and supplement the existing documentation so as to provide a thorough, accurate, and authoritative description and history of every known work made by Arshile Gorky from 1924 through 1948, the year of his death. The majority of these paintings, drawings, prints, sculpture, and textiles will be represented by high-resolution digital photography—many of them for the first time.

The Arshile Gorky Foundation is pleased to announce that the first installment of the Catalogue Raisonné is now available to the public at no charge and from any location as a web-based publication designed by panOpticon. The Arshile Gorky Catalogue Raisonné is the most definitive record of the artist’s production and will be an invaluable resource for scholars, historians, museums, galleries, and others interested in the artist’s work.

If you own a work by Arshile Gorky and have not been contacted by the Foundation, we continue to review submissions. Please visit the Artwork Submissions page for more details.


Arshile Gorky
Oil on Canvas
28 7/8 x 40 5/8 in. (73.3 x 103.2 cm)
Front, incised, upper left: A Gorky / [paraph]
Reverse not seen
Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Gift of Burt Kleiner (M.64.61)


J. H. Twachtman CR launched

Eastman Johnson


“A prominent figure in late nineteenth-century American art, and considered the most original among the leading American Impressionists, John Henry Twachtman (1853–1902) lived from 1890 to 1899 in Greenwich, Connecticut, where he created the images of his home and property that are his best-known works. During the same period, and through the end of his life, the nearby Holley inn in Cos Cob, was also of special importance to him. There he taught summer art classes (often alongside Julian Alden Weir) and resided intermittently, painting many scenes from its porches and grounds. Twachtman’s presence and classes in Greenwich and Cos Cob served as the starting point for the vital art colony that developed in the area and continued into the first quarter of the twentieth century.

“Today, the Holley inn is the National Historic Landmark Bush-Holley House, part of the Greenwich Historical Society’s museum-campus. Our collections and archives pertaining to Greenwich document and interpret the history of the Cos Cob art colony that grew up around the house. It is, therefore, with great pleasure that the Historical Society is now the repository for the John Henry Twachtman Catalogue Raisonné, a comprehensive record of the artist’s work that can be accessed for free from our website. This immeasurable contribution to American art history (as well as to our local history) was compiled by Dr. Lisa N. Peters. The project was initiated in the late 1980s by Ira Spanierman (1928–2019), under the auspices of Spanierman Gallery, with Dr. Peters as its author, and the catalogue was transferred to her in 2012. We are honored to be its new home. With support especially from the Horowitz Foundation for the Arts as well as from the Cross Family Charitable Fund and the Lunder Foundation, this considerable undertaking has now come to fruition. We are excited that the wealth of information and new material it provides can be enjoyed and become integral to American art scholarship.”

— Debra Mecky, Executive Director and CEO, Greenwich Historical Society


John Henry Twachtman
Alternate titles: Ice Bound; Snow Bound; Snow-bound; Snowbound; Snowbound [Icebound]
ca. 1893
Oil on canvas
25 1/4 x 30 1/8 in. (64.1 x 76.5 cm)
Signed lower right: J. H. Twachtman–
The Art Institute of Chicago, Friends of American Art Collection (1917.200)